Basic English Syntax with Exercises

Exercise 4

Give the X-bar structure of the following sentences and explain how the DPs receive thematic roles and Case.

(1)aJohnís message arrived.
bDavid made the ball roll to the wall.
cDavid rolled the ball to the wall.
dJohn sank Jimís boat.
eJimís boat sank.
fJimís boat was sunk.
gBill caught a bird.
hThe bird was caught.
iSam coughed.
jJohn sent a message to Mary.
kMary was sent a message.
lJim took his shoes off.
mJim took off his shoes.
nJohn thinks that Jim knows that Mary gave his book to Jane.